Janek Musek

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New psychological theory of values

Language: English

Published: February 2000

1. The structural hierarchy of the values universe encompasses four different levels of generality. 2. At different levels of structural hierarchy we can find sequentially single values, middle range categories, higher range categories (or value types- hedonic, potency, moral and fulfillment values) and highest range categories of values (apollonian and dionysian values). 3. The values and value categories are also included into a developmental hierarchy: in our life span as adolescents and adults we are oriented first relatively more to the dionysian (hedonic and potency) and later more to the apollonian (moral and fulfillment) spectrum of values. 4. The structural (and possibly also developmental) hierarchy of values is universal. The highest and higher range categories of values show remarkable transcultural stability, despite the differences in assessment of different value in different cultures. 5. The values play an important role in our behavior and decision making (especially in our long-term decisions and life-orientations – in the school, professional career, ideological, religious and political choices). 6. The values are connected with most important demographic variables (gender, age, education, SES, income, religiosity, marital position, number of children). 7. The values reflect the gross socioeconomic and political changes in the social system. 8. The value system is an important instance in our intrapersonal integration. 9. Both biological and cultural factors determine the development of values and value systems.